[Abstract] The employment status of college students has always received widespread attention from all walks of life. The author brings together several types of questions in the employment process of college students and make answers, hoping to guide and help college students to achieve more sufficient and high quality employment.
Author: Xue Xinlong (Assistant researcher at the National Institute of Education and Open Economic Research of the University of Foreign Economic and Trade) Su Lifeng (Professor of Education and Open Economic Research Center of the National Open Research Institute of Foreign Economic and Trade) of the University of Foreign Economic and Trade) The employment status of college students has been widely received from all sectors of society focus on. The author brings together several types of questions in the employment process of college students and make answers, hoping to guide and help college students to achieve more sufficient and high quality employment.
Do I have to go to the big cities and the air outlet industry? Excavation opportunities: Personal professional+career development+national strategic layout During the job search process, many students will tell the author: "I must go to a big city and must go to the hottest industry." But is this really good? During the employment choice, some students did not think calmly and failed to determine the employment field that they were good at and appropriate. , Only pay attention to employment opportunities in core first -tier cities and popular industries, and do not consider other professional directions. This passive follow -up employment choice can easily lead to the lack of stability in employment of college students. The situation of re -employment in the short term after the first employment is frequent, which causes time and economic losses to both graduates and employers. The reason why popular areas and popular industries can attract a large number of employees is that these regions and industries are often in a period of rapid development, and there may be more jobs and superior salary conditions. However, students should realize that on the one hand, in recent years, as the country has comprehensively promoted the implementation of rural revitalization and improved the implementation of major strategies such as new urbanization, the gap between the economic and social development between urban and rural areas and regions between urban and rural areas and regions is gradually narrowing. Under the blessing of new economic forms such as the digital economy, intelligent economy, and creative economy, a large number of employment opportunities and development opportunities are hidden; on the other hand, there is a life cycle of the development of any industry. It is also limited. When the industry has excessive productivity, the market becomes saturated, and the competition is becoming more intense. The so -called popular industry may enter the attenuation period, and personal career development will inevitably be restricted. Therefore, students need to choose the employment path with caution with long -term eyes to avoid excessive pursuit of popular areas and popular industries.
On the basis of fully understanding personal interests, professional and skills, and professional development goals, we must comprehensively consider the major national strategic layout and industry development laws, carefully analyze the employment opportunities that may be hidden in the new economy and new formats, and take the initiative to choose a suitable for you. The road of employment development has continued to work hard with the attitude of "making Qingshan without relaxation", and then achieve its professional goals. Find a satisfactory job, what preparations do you have to do? Basic guarantee: Psychological preparation+career competitiveness+information channels When doing college employment surveys, the author found that many students are full of confidence and full of energy, but they have not worked hard on "preparation". It can be said that insufficient employment preparation is a universal problem facing college students in the process of job search, mainly including the following three situations: First, the employment psychology is not mature enough, dare not or be good at expressing exchanges in the recruitment interview, and cannot show your true knowledge. Skills level and occupational potential are easy to miss some employment opportunities for competitive positions; the second is that the professional ability is lacking, and the theoretical knowledge that I have mastered at the university is fully transformed into a practical skill corresponding to the job. The required professional qualification certificate, such as teacher qualification certificates, securities qualification certificates, etc.; Third, do not master comprehensive and effective professional information, do not know enough about the nature, work content and development prospects of the recruitment unit. The job that is suitable for you has led to low efficiency of employment selection. Some students asked: "Finding a satisfactory job, what preparations I do?" In my opinion, making various preparations for graduation jobs is the basic guarantee for graduates to achieve higher quality employment.
It is necessary to pay attention to the psychological preparation of employment and strengthen the quality of personal psychological quality. Students should participate in academic exchange activities and student group activities in interest during school, and communicate with the teacher through public exhibitions, actively communicate with the teacher, participate in knowledge Or sports competitions and other methods to gradually improve your expression skills, communication skills, collaboration awareness and competition spirit, and actively respond to difficulties in the job search stage in a healthy and mature psychological state. To continue to improve personal professional competitiveness, on the one hand, we must plan the time arrangement according to your employment goals, take the timely schedule of time, and timely participate in the necessary qualification certificates for the intention of the career to obtain the qualifications and practical skills of the corresponding positions; on the other hand, we must deeply realize the majors The key role of knowledge in employment employment, focusing on cultivating its own scientific research ability, innovation ability, and practical problems to solve the ability to form a solid professional knowledge system. To continue to broaden the channels for professional information acquisition, students can take the initiative to ask the employment guidance center teachers and employment alumni to ask for job hunting experience and understand the employment market. You can also use the employment information of the units to promote the development prospects of the industry to improve themselves. Understand the work content of the job, improve your ability and decision -making efficiency of acquiring and screening career information.
How to discover the occupation that suits you? Stability: Occupational positioning+long -term plan "I don’t know what occupation I am suitable for, and I am confused about future development." This is the voice of many students during the job search process.
In fact, economic development and technological progress have prompted the form of employment in society to be more flexible and diverse. New occupations and new positions have emerged endlessly. College students with unclear professional positioning are easy to fall into anxiety in front of many unknown choices and cannot reasonably plan their long -term development path.
Lack of clear career development positioning and long -term planning will make some students pay too much attention to short -term economic benefits when choosing occupations and positions. I ignore the objective laws of individuals should sharpen growth in the process of work practice. "Period of bottlenecks"; may also lead to too much expectations for their employment. When they first enter the workplace, they want to realize their ideal ambitions immediately, or they are prone to a large psychological gap after suffering. Therefore, college students achieve higher quality employment, and we must pay attention to career positioning and long -term planning.
Clarifying personal occupation positioning is the prerequisite for college students to objectively evaluate the employment situation and reasonably set up employment expectations; appropriate long -term professional planning can help college students around the employment goals as soon as possible, continue to improve their core competitiveness in the corresponding employment field, and improve employment stability.
On the one hand, students should pay attention to improving their employment planning capabilities, and reasonably participate in employment guidance courses carried out in the form of lectures and lectures set by the school. Understand, formulate appropriate short -term and long -term career plans as soon as possible; on the other hand, we must study professional courses carefully and build a knowledge and skill foundation for their own career development.
During the different periods of economic and social development, although employment positions will follow the changes of the industrial structure to adjust and differentiate, even if it is an emerging industry, the talents and skills needs of their positions cannot be completely separated from the existing knowledge system. Knowledge is the basis for students to cultivate in most industries and achieve great development and progress. Students must not only ensure the completion of the teaching, scientific research and social practice arrangements in this professional training plan, but also can also take appropriately elective and minor some related theoretical courses according to their professional positioning planning, improve their awareness of the professional knowledge and industry laws of the corresponding employment fields. Level.